In the New Testament, Yeshua [Jesus] extends the Torah even further in terms of justice. He states, “Do not think I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets [i.e., the commands of God]; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill” (Matt 5:17 NASB). The fulfillment of the law and the prophets may be interpreted as Jesus’ authority to administer divine justice.
Jesus continually contrasts strict, external adherence to the law with an inner spirit of justice. Although it is just for a murderer to be put to death, Jesus says that anger is just as bad as murder. Likewise, a true spirit of generosity is not boastfully giving the minimum amount, but rather secretly giving whatever one is able to give.
Jesus equates justice with generosity to the poor through the parable of the Good Samaritan. Jesus also says that it is difficult for wealthy people to enter into the kingdom of heaven.
As for the future, the book of Revelation reveals the justice of God in all its glory during the end times. When the saints watch the destruction of the earth, their song will be of God’s righteous judgment upon the inhabitants for their ultimate sin of rejecting Him. We are promised that someday, when the Messiah physically reigns on earth, God’s righteous justice will finally be on full display
- Matthew 23:23 (NASB) — “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.”
- Matthew 12:18–21 — “Behold, My Servant whom I have chosen; My Beloved in whom My soul is well-pleased; I will put My Spirit upon Him, And He shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles. He will not quarrel, nor cry out; Nor will anyone hear His voice in the streets. A battered reed He will not break off, And a smoldering wick He will not put out, Until He leads justice to victory. And in His name the Gentiles will hope.”
- Isaiah 9:6–7 — 6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Master of hosts will accomplish this.
- Isaiah 2:2–4 — 2 Now it will come about that In the last days The mountain of the house of the Master Will be established as the chief of the mountains, And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it. 3 And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Master, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His paths.” For the law will go forth from Zion And the word of the Master from Jerusalem. 4 And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.
- Isaiah 32:1 — 1 Behold, a king will reign righteously And princes will rule justly.