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Is God all knowing?

Remember the former things, those of long ago; I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me. I make known the end from the beginning, from ancient times, what is still to come. I say: My purpose will stand, and I will do all that I please.

Isaiah 46:9-10

God is omniscient, which means he knows everything. Debbie McDaniel writes this about the omniscience of God, “He can be everywhere, at the same time. And He never sleeps or slumbers, He’s aware every moment of every day, exactly what we are up against. He knows our way and is with us always. There’s no place on this earth we can go that He doesn’t see and know of.”

Tozer writes this about God’s omniscience: “God perfectly knows Himself and, being the source and author of all things, it follows that He knows all that can be known. And this He knows instantly and with a fullness of perfection that includes every possible item of knowledge concerning everything that exists or could have existed anywhere in the universe at any time in the past or that may exist in the centuries or ages yet unborn.”

Because God is all-knowing, we can trust that he knows everything we are going through today and everything we will go through tomorrow. When we meditate on this truth, especially considering his other attributes of goodness and love, it makes it easier to trust him with all we have going on in our lives, from the profoundly serious to the silly and mundane.

Wayne Grudem defines it this way:

God’s knowledge may be defined as follows: God fully knows himself and all things actual and possible in one simple and eternal act.

Elihu says that God is the one “who is perfect in knowledge” (Job 37:16), and John says that God “knows everything” (1 John 3:20). The quality of knowing everything is called omniscience, and because God knows everything, he is said to be omniscient (that is, “all-knowing”).

  • God Knows Himself.
  • God Knows All Things Actual.
  • God Knows All Things Possible.

The fact that God knows all things possible can also be deduced from God’s full knowledge of himself. If God fully knows himself, he knows everything he can do, which includes all things that are possible. This fact is indeed amazing.

  • God has made an incredibly complex and varied universe—as is evident, for example, when we observe the remarkable variety of animals in a zoo or fish in an aquarium.
  • But there are thousands upon thousands of other variations or kinds of animals and fish and other things that God could have created but did not.
  • God’s infinite knowledge includes detailed knowledge of what each of those other possible creations would have been like and what would have happened in each of them!
  • “Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high; I cannot attain it” (Ps. 139:6).
  • “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts” (Isa. 55:9).

So, what is the scope of God’s knowledge. We will close with how Jesus explained it to us.

And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell. Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.

English Standard Version. (2016). (Matthew 10:28–30). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles.